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About leashedForLife

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    Boston metro area, Mass., USA
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    hiking, tracking, birdwatching, animal behavior, biology, gardening - like to cook, eat, read, do crafts, & fix things.
  1. Onions & garlic are in the same plant family, but i have used garlic as a nontoxic wormer in debilitated dogs & cats, pups & kittens, for decades, now - underweight, elderly, poorly nourished, heavy internal parasite load, etc. // None were made worse by the garlic; all expelled large numbers of worms, etc, in their feces. One 9-WO Coonhound pup was the sole survivor of a litter of 9, she weighed 1.5# when the wife of the breeder pressed her into my hands & said, "take her, I'll tell him she died". // She produced NOTHING BUT roundworms like spaghetti for 3 days straight, despite eating normal amounts of real food [meat-based high quality kibble, cottage cheese, yogurt, scrambled eggs, etc, all in frequent small meals, 4 to 5 snacks daily vs a meal in a bowl]. At 12-WO, she weighed 12#; at 14-WO, she weighed 16#, & was a strapping, glossy hunk of hound, bright-eyed & solid muscle. I found her a good home with a hunter who already had 3 Coonhounds - she left at 4-MO, a happy rambunctious young dog, who could bay down the moon, LOL. [Coonhounds aren't shy about speaking up. ] That said, i would never give a dog onion - but garlic is often found in dog foods & dog treats, as well as feline edibles. Look at some ingredient panels, & U'll find it. Integrative Veterinary Journal - http://ivcjournal.com/garlic/ QUOTE, "Almost all the “evidence” against garlic for dogs comes from a 2000 study at Hokkaido University.2 Four dogs were each given 1.25 ml of garlic extract per kg of body weight for seven straight days. For example, if the dog weighed 50 pounds, he would be given approximately 25 large raw garlic cloves. None of the dogs showed any outward toxicity symptoms, but there was an effect on their red blood cells; even at these highly-elevated doses, none of the dogs developed anemia. ... However, a study published by Chang, et al in 20043 clearly showed that allicin is beneficial to mammals’ health, & there was no report of hemolytic anemia in spite of the high concentrations of garlic [given] during the study. ... "There can be multiple causes for Heinz body hemolytic anemia. Wendy Wallner, DVM, reminds us that other substances such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) and benzocaine-containing topical preparations can also cause Heinz body hemolytic anemia in the dog. These preparations probably account for many cases since ingredients in creams are absorbed through the skin, allowing toxins to build up in the bloodstream." Per another study, onion has on average FIFTEEN TIMES the concentration of thiosulfate, the culprit compound - in garlic, it's present in trace amounts or undetectable.
  2. I've been away from the forum a few days, & i am so, so sorry to hear this. Such a shame. I'm sure he was appreciative of his life with U, & i know U did all U could to try to solve this mystery - that final crisis must have been a shock. He's no longer struggling for breath, & i'm sure he'll meet U at the Bridge with a madly wagging tail when U cross. Run free, good dog - no more pain. - terry
  3. here ya go, @arealhuman -
  4. Interesting news from the Midwest [USA] - cougar numbers are increasing, as young cats disperse from occupied areas to find new territories. http://archive.jsonline.com/news/wisconsin/cougars-spreading-across-midwest-study-shows-hn5pd03-159061635.html/ Obv, many farmers will be unhappy to hear this, but the whitetail deer popn & that of other ungulates [elk, mule deer, etc] is desperately in need of predators, not hunters. Hunters take trophy animals; predators take the old, sick, weak, & young animals. // Human hunters want healthy adults with robust bodies, & if they're male, trophy racks - precisely the sires we'd want to keep in the gene-pool. I wish that cougars would develop a taste for feral hogs - that would solve a world of trouble! - terry
  5. a gas anaesthesia is very safe - Isofluorane is commonly used here, may have a different name in the UK / EU, but extremely safe. // They can monitor the depth of sedation & lower the mix ratio of gas to O2 to bring him up; simply shutting-off the gas & adding O2 can have him waking quickly. // Injectables require an antagonist to wake-up with any urgency, & take a LONG time to exit the body / be metabolized. Their after-FX linger for days. If that's what he needs to breathe & get decent sleep, i'd go for it. Short of sleep is exhausting & debilitates over time. His heart could give out; his temper will suffer, as he'll be cranky from lack of solid rest. // Really hope U find a solution, even temporary help, soon. - terry
  6. Great acting by his "bad twin", & even external links for references - which appear as tiny text in white, in the left upper-corner. // Enjoy! -- terry
  7. ... in an article by Clifton Merritt - http://www.animals24-7.org/2015/12/04/did-aspca-discover-certifying-safer-dog-screening-might-be-dangerous/ Mr Merritt is a well-known provocateur in the U-S on the topic of "pitbulls", which label seems to include any dog in his or his wife's or anyone else's opinion that LOOKS LIKE a 'pitbull', 'pit bull', or 'pit type'. APBTs, American Pit Bull Terriers, are the breed as recognized by the UKC registry; AmStaffs, American Staffordshire [Bull AND] Terriers, are the breed as recognized by the AKC registry. Unregistered dogs who "look like" purebreds of either of those breeds, or mixes who resemble those breeds, are 'pitbulls' with a small-p: most folks can generally agree that they fall into a category of grade-type, just as horse lovers can recognize an unregistered horse as being a grade-type Quarter Horse, Appy, Arab, or what-have-U. Mr Merritt alleges that all "pitbulls" - the grade-type lookalikes or mixes who have one or more pit-type traits - are inherently "vicious", his term, & "dangerous". That both type & registered pitties continue to be highly-popular dogs as family pets seems to have escaped his notice; yes, young men who wear leather biking gear or tattoos or tongue-studs or gang colors MAY OWN pit-types or even purebred APBTs / AmStaffs, but so do plenty of other ppl, including suburban Ideal Families With Kids - mom, dad, a coupla kids, a pittie, & a comfy modest house within commuting distance of work. So what? It's not the fault of pitties or their purebred kin that actual convicted criminals also own their type or breed, any more than it's the fault of GSDs or Rotts or Corsos that ppl who've done bad things & been arrested for them, owned dogs of those breeds. Association with human criminals does not make the breeds they choose "dangerous" breeds. Some criminals with long rap sheets owned Poodles, Chis, or Beagles - did that make those breeds "dangerous"? this is one of the photos used to illustrate his rant - Pit mixes loose in pickup truck.(Beth Clifton photo) Note the CAPTION & the sole dog behind the pittie - which is clearly a Coonhound or Coonhound-mix... so where are all those other 'pit mixes' mentioned in the caption? // Hiding below the level of the truck bed, invisible? Mr Merritt has been writing this [IMO] misleading & inaccurate stuff for years, now - he's a strong advocate for BSL & other draconian measures to ban or simply "wipe out" pit-types. // I wish he'd use one-tenth of his energy on promoting good puppy-rearing practices for every pet dog, or advocating for broad socialization & reward-based training from an early age - that might actually help dogs & their families, & reduce the burden on shelters. JMO - YMMV, - terry
  8. I'm so very sorry. No more pain, Teya - run free, good dog.
  9. for further info, here are links to SAFER - The Seven SAFER Assessment Items | ASPCApro aspcapro.org/resource/saving-lives-behavior...research.../seven-safer-assessment-items SAFER® is a seven-item canine aggression assessment that generally takes no ... researched items that elicit responses that are predictive of future behavior. [PDF] SAFER Assessment Worksheet - ASPCApro aspcapro.org/sites/pro/files/aspca_safer_worksheet_items1_7.pdf SAFER™ worksheet. M M D D Y Y shelter name date. M M D D Y Y ... Behaviors observed before, during or after the item: ... stiffer as assessment progresses. This video shows a SAFER eval of a highly-appeasing, very anxious dog: & here is a link to Assess-A-Pet, another popular test which is often misused - Assess-a-Pet™ | Sue Sternberg www.suesternberg.com/rvaa/assess_pet Assess-a-Pet™ can help shelters meet the individual behavioral needs of dogs amidst the stress of the kennel environment, identify aggressive dogs BEFORE they prove themselves aggressive in someone's home, and help create compatible and lasting matches between shelter dogs and their families. Trish McConnell, a well-known behaviorist with a global rep for excellence, assesses the tool used - www.patriciamcconnell.com/theotherendoftheleash/assessing-assess-a-hands ... & finally, The BARK Magazine compares the 2 protocols - Testing Behavior Tests | The Bark thebark.com/content/testing-behavior-tests The two most widely used behavioral assessment tools in the United States today are SAFER (developed by Emily Weiss, PhD, of the ASPCA) & Assess-a-Pet ... Assess-A-Hands are often used to test dogs to failure, IME - they are a useful tool, but without good training for the human testers & accurate scoring, they become a means to harass a dog with no risk to the tester. Plus concluding that all dogs who exhibit RG are "aggressive" is is simply wrong, IMO. JMO - YMMV, - terry Terry Pride, CVA, member Truly Dog-Friendly 'dogs R dogs, wolves R wolves, & primates R us.' -- (™ 2007)
  10. a note re "screening", temp-tests / behavioral evals, etc, as done by shelters & rescues in the U-S: Some U-S shelters & rescues use widely-recognized evaluation protocols, such as SAFER - & actually train staff members or volunteers in How To Test. When specific screening processes are used that are well-designed, and the folks who actually screen the dogs were taught how to do it & how to score a dog's responses, U get consistent results - & the dogs are properly evaluated. That's important, as poorly-done evaluations are worse IME than none at all. // Dogs are killed on the basis of behavioral evals if they are deemed "too difficult to deal with" or "dangerous", or "fixing this will take too long / cost too much", or "we don't have the skills to modify this dog's behavior". So screening accurately & properly is critical for the dog - the labels put on dogs by evaluators can mean a very brief stay, & euthanasia ASAP after their failed evaluation, if they're labeled incorrigible or aggro. Many U-S shelters & rescues use temp-tests / behavioral evals THEY - the shelter Admin, individual staff members, volunteer trainers, volunteer dog-walkers, whoever - MADE UP, either out of whole cloth, or based on something they read or saw, & extrapolated from. The folks doing the evaluation can each do it differently, score it differently, change criteria, etc - there's no training, & no consistency among the evaluators in what they rate as Dangerous, Too Time-Consuming, Too Complicated, & so on. The outcomes for the dogs can vary wildly from day to day, or even on the same day, depending on who assesses them & How they are assessed, or even on How a particular assessor is feeling today - maybe they were snapped-at on Monday, & are sensitized to anything that might be 'aggression' on Tues, Wed, & Thurs morning, but start to relax when, by Thurs afternoon, no dog they've handled has laid a tooth on them. // Meanwhile, several dogs in the past 3 days were improperly labeled 'aggressive' or "resource guarders", & are doomed. I don't know which shelter assessments are popular or widely-recognized in the U-K, but i hope there are actual training sessions for the folks who do those assessments, & written objective criteria on each test so that scoring is reasonably consistent, no matter which individual does the evaluating. I'll also add that resource guarding is one of the most-easily fixed problem behaviors of all - & that many ppl will "test to failure", i-e, they will poke or harass the dog over a bowl of food until s/he finally DOES lose all patience, & snarl at them... then they say, "This dog is a resource guarder, s/he is aggressive", which is the wrong conclusion. Defending one's food / a high-value treat / a bone / a favorite object Does NOT Mean that dog will attack someone unprovoked; it only means that messing with them while they are eating, or trying to take away such treasures, would be a bad thing to do. RG dogs can be easily & safely managed, even if U can't or won't spend the time to modify the behavior - they have well-defined, specific triggers. // Adopters who are given clear, simple protocols to follow can readily modify RG behaviors at home. Plus, many dogs who will guard food / bowls / toys / their own personal space, etc, in the shelter will not do that in their adoptive homes; municipal shelters, or fosters' homes with multiple dogs, or rescues with dogs in adjoining pens, are stressful places - the dogs have lower thresholds & can't tolerate the same provocations, in those stressful environments. Within a day or 3 of arriving in their adoptive home, they may never exhibit RG behavior again in their lives. Does anyone know of a specific behavior assessment that is commonly used in the U-K? TIA, - terry
  11. i'd guess their website matches the e-addy given above - https://supportdogs.org.uk/ Contact page says, QUOTE, "Our address is 21 Jessops Riverside, Brightside Lane, Sheffield, S9 2RX You can call us on 0114 261 7800 Monday to Friday 8.30 am – 4.30 pm, or use the form below" - terry
  12. An astonishing number of ppl who are 'professional dog-trainers' in the sense that they take money in exchange for services, have never heard of B F Skinner nor of the Brelands - who at one point, post-WW-2, enjoyed an astonishing global reputation for training nonhumans efficiently & humanely, using pos-R [& without the then-common use of aversives]. This was ground-breaking stuff, & here we are 3 generations later, & it is largely forgotten. Here's one business that owes their very existence to the Brelands' work: https://www.nytimes.com/video/nyregion/100000001595360/tick-tack-toe-playing-chicken.html They supply trained hens, who play Tic-Tac-Toe against all comers in casinos, gaming arcades, & other fair-type venues; the birds "work" a few hours a day, pecking & eating, & then another look-alike hen takes her shift. // All 13 at this particular casino are called "Roxy" for continuity, but they each have individual names, & i'm sure the hens can tell one another apart, even if the handlers might have trouble sorting them all if the whole flock were mixed, & they were asked to put each bird in her own cage again. Does anyone in the U-K talk about the Brelands & their astonishing success as a training business, or their contribution to the war effort? They not only trained pigeons to find camouflaged gun emplacements in aerial photos for the Allied forces, but pigeons FOUND downed airmen in open ocean, from planes flying above the sea - saving many lives, as no other way to find a man's head in heaving waves was possible. // Clear into the 1960s, the Brelands continued to work for the U-S Armed Services, especially the Navy, training dolphins & other marine mammals as free-swimming operatives. I think it is a great pity that the U-S training community has largely forgotten them, or never learned about them at all. Marion Breland's 2nd husband outlived her, & Bob Bailey only recently stopped running his popular "chicken workshops" where budding dog-trainers polished their skills by working with impatient, phenomenally-fast hens, who learn & react at light-speed when compared to even above-average dogs! We owe the Brelands a great debt. They brought kind, science-based training to the fore, if only for a few decades before the Dark Forces once again swamped it as a mainstream concept. - terry
  13. take a peek at the article on "best models" - I don't know if Ur aspirator is one of the all-one-piece molded rubber type, but those cannot be TAKEN APART for cleaning, & can [probly will] grow molds & mildew, unseen, inside. I would never have thot of that; we had the old red-rubber bulb in our medicine chest all thru my childhood & into my college years, & aside from rinsing with hot H2O & dish-detergent, it was never "cleaned" nor was the interior accessible. Maybe Urs is the new-generation of mouth-powered suction, with a clear tube? -- those look very simple & functional, & certainly easy to disassemble & clean. // I'm thinking of getting one for my Lexington client, who currently has a clogged nose. He has dementia, & has trouble blowing his nose - also has difficulty asking for a tissue, & if i give him a box to take one, he'll put a wad of 20 tissues in his pants' pocket, & they'll end up in the laundry. Gaah! - a washer full of shredded Kleenex is H***, & the dryer cannot remove all the lint generated, dark clothes especially will hold the fuzzy fibers thru multiple washings for weeks. An aspirator might make him more comfy, open his airway, & save the household laundry from "tissue damage". - terry E-T-A: there are newer models of "bulb" type aspirators which unscrew into 2 halves, along the equator; that allows thoro interior cleaning, air-drying, & reassembly. // I'm not sure if they are dishwasher-safe, tho.
  14. coward that i am, Sara, i'd ask my vet which decongestants [if any] might safely help him; i've never used a decongestant for a dog, only for ppl, so wouldn't have any idea what's apropos or safe, or even if it's effective. But heck, it can't hurt to ask. Another Q i thot of, overnite - Does he eat any DAIRY? - Milk, cheese, etc? Dairy products can help generate "extra" mucus; if he's eating yogurt, U can switch to non-fat dairy yogurt [as a supportive prebiotic for his gut microbes, & also as a vehicle to get live probiotic critters into him - slide the 2 halves of the clear capsule apart, gently tap the halves to dislodge all the powder onto a Tbsp of FF-yogurt, mix & serve. Antibiotics are notorious for killing gut flora, that's another good query for the vet - Can he take probiotics, & is Fat-Free organic yogurt OK, while on this particular antibiotic? -- Some antibiotics get along fine with dairy; some cannot be given with dairy in the diet, at all, or it needs to be X hours apart between consuming dairy & taking the Rx.] I really hope the vet gets to a root cause, or perhaps several, with one thing piggy-backing on an initial insult & taking advantage of a prior infection / injury. Was he prone to ear-infections as a pup, or B4 this awful sinusitis began? -- I wonder if it's a subclinical infection that moved from ear or Eustachian tube to the sinuses. Tell Ur good boy we are thinking of him, & i'm sure all the DogForum folks are sending healing vibes. Good thoughts cannot possibly hurt, & just might help. - terry
  15. poor fella - sounds like a mizrable bout of sinusitis, but he is also eating as usual, bright & as active as he normally would be, so he's not ready to throw in the towel yet. I wonder if a plain sterile-saline spray would help? - be sure it's ISOtonic, meaning the same salinity as tears in the eye; that means it is neither more briny nor more dilute than body fluids, & won't irritate his nasal passages nor his throat. A brief spray with isotonic saline would help make the thicker gunk easier to blow out by diluting the mucus; it might be a good precaution to use the saline spray while he stands in the dry bathtub, so that if he snorts violently & blows a lot of green junk, it can be easily hosed away. If there's no safety mat to give him traction, U can stand him on a folded towel so that he doesn't scrabble on the slick surface in a panic, & freak-out. also, an infant NASAL BULB to gently suck mucus out of his nostrils might help, but again, i'd only use the vacuum bulb after the isotonic saline - 5 to 10-mins after the saline spray, i would very carefully insert the open tip while someone else held the dog's head steady. The primary person must put one hand under the dog's chin & use the other to set the SQUEEZED-EMPTY bulb against his nostril, with the open tip inside the nostril, & the flare of the bulb making a decent seal with the inner edges of the nostril. Then gently ease the pressure of Ur fingers on the collapsed bulb, to allow it to expand & pull on the goop in his sinuses - don't go for a fast release, & don't let the entire bulb pop open & refill, that's too fast & can cause ear pain! - Slow release, maybe 1/3 to 1/2 open on the bulb, then take it away from his nose, & check to see if any mucus was pulled into the bulb. ThE PERSON WHO RESTRAINS HIM should instantly give a high-protein treat as soon as the bulb is removed - the other person is busy emptying & rinsing the gooey bulb, but he needs a nice stinky goody right now, to make a happy association with the vacuum-bulb. Freeze-dried beef liver or lamb-lung should both go over well. Never squeeze the bulb while it's inside his nostril - U could seriously damage his ears; the eardrum is delicate & thin, & if this sinus infection is also in his inner-ear, the eardrum can be abnormally tight from pressure, or even thinned by tissue damage, or stretched by inflammation & swelling. Expel the air before U get the bulb anywhere near the dog; then very cautiously insert the tip, & reduce the pressure on the collapsed bulb to let it expand slightly, creating a partial vacuum. Infant nasal aspirators - https://parent.guide/the-best-baby-nasal-aspirator-for-blocked-noses/ Poland's special version: adapter connects to household vacuum cleaner AKA "the hoover", with a REDUCTION flange to prevent injury to the baby. http://www.ebay.com/itm/KATAREK-Runny-Nose-Vacuum-Nasal-Aspirator-for-Children-Baby-Vac-NA-KATAR-/301819644961 NOTE that the vacuum / hoover is set to "...between 800 Watts and 1500 Watts..." of power. // I'd start with 500-watts & then go up as needed, cautiously. Don't forget to reward co-operation early & often - touch his nose with whichever aspirator, remove, reward, repeat... lingering a bit longer. // If U intend to use the Katarek, be sure that Ur dog does not react to the hoover by running from the room & hiding under the bed, nor does he want to chase & bite the vacuum head! - neither is helpful when U are trying to drain the goop from his sinuses, poor pup. Q, did the vet X-ray his sinuses / skull? I ask because my then-boyfriend's housemate had a 3-YO Lab who developed a persistently runny nostril on one side, clear thin mucus which later became thick & opaque, over a period of about 6-mos. // He was found to have a tumor high in the sinus, growing into the forebrain & causing pressure - it was not operable when it was finally diagnosed, it had been too long developing. I do not think every dog with a snotty nostril has a tumor; however, GRASS AWNS & such bizarre things as splinters of wood have gotten up nostrils, & fungal infections are also possible. A radiograph might help show some clues. Q 2 - has the gunk been cultured to try to determine what microbes might be causing it? // A culture would allow tests to see what meds can effectively kill the critters, if any, without giving a series of meds to the dog - he'd get only the one that worked. good luck, i do hope he is well again very soon. - terry